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Spending

Publications on State Spending

State Environmental Spending

2005-2008

According to an ECOS press release "States Increase in Environmental Spending Amid Decline in Federal Support" Wednesday, March 12, 2008

The Environmental Council of the States (ECOS) presents spending data showing that the states have upheld their obligation to fund environmental programs even as the federal contribution has declined. During the period of the study (2005-2008), state spending on the environment is expected to nearly double, while federal appropriations will have decreased by about $650 million.

Federal funds now average only about 23% of the source of all state environmental agency funds, a significant cut from 39% in FY2005. States now operate 96% of the federal programs that are delegable to them, such as the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and the Safe Drinking Water Act. On average, states receive 40 new federal rules to implement each year.

According to March 2008 ECOS Green Report:

State environmental agencies' funding has risen during the period 2005-2008 by relying on non-traditional fund sources. General funds have increased slightly while federal funds have declined. "Other" funds- such as permit fees, bonds, state trust funds, and funds that are not appropriated from general fund sources - have doubled during this period.

The federal government is decoupling issuance of environmental rules from the cost of their implementation, by gradually transferring the cost of federal environmental rules to the states. State spending on the environment continues to increase in spite of inflation and cuts in federal support since fiscal 2004.

State Environmental Agency* Spending and Sources

2005-2008

Normalized Data (projected totals for 50 states)

2005

2006

2007

2008

General Revenue

$1,615,286,693

$1,860,780,611

$1,714,007,636

$1,707,182,455

Federal Funds

$1,906,040,255

$2,026,350,018

$2,161,063,122

$3,056,273,849

Other Funds

$3,975,451,703

$6,377,608,321

$6,476,661,033

$7,890,521,526

Projected Total Expenditures, 50 States

$7,496,788,650

$10,264,738,951

$10,621,731,791

$12,653977,830

Projected Total Employees

48,746

54,145

51,271

52,262

*Does not include natural resource spending

Projected Total Expenditures, 50 States

FY 2005

FY 2006

FY 2007

FY 2008

General Revenue

$1,615,286,693

$1,860,780,611

$1,714,007,636

$1,707,182,455

Federal Funds as Appropriated

$3,575,348,500

$3,123,533,367

$3,213,606,367

$2,926,222,518

Other Funds

$3,975,451,703

$6,377,608,321

$6,746,611,033

$7,890,521,526

Projected Total Expenditures, 50 States

$9,166,086,895

$11,451,942,299

$11,674,275,036

$12,523,926,499

Sources of State Environmental Funding by Percentage

FY 2005

FY 2006

FY 2007

FY 2008

% from Federal

39.0%

28.1%

27.5%

23.4%

% from General Funds

17.6%

16.2%

14.7%

13.6%

% from All Other Sources

43.4%

55.7%

57.8%

63.0%

Number of States with Budget Increases

n/a

35

33

34

Number of States with Budget Decreases

n/a

9

15

11

According to ECOS Executive Director Steve Brown's 2008 Spring Meeting Presentation:

Earlier Studies:

ECOS has collected data on state environmenal spending in 1986, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1996,& 2000 and 2003. ECOS has also kept track of and reported on budget changes in 2001 and 2002.

State Environmental and Natural Resources Spending

1986-2003

Fiscal Year 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
State Spending (billions adjusted) $8.70 $11.06 $11.27 $11.60 $11.87 $12.43 $12.70 $13.22 $13.19
Funding to states from Fed sources (billions adjusted) $3.86 $3.69 $3.34 $3.19 $3.28 $3.46 $3.56 $3.38 $3.24
Average state per capita environmental spending (adjusted ) $36.22 $45.65 $46.10 $46.98 $47.59 $49.31 $49.81 $51.30 $50.67

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
State Spending (billions adjusted) $14.00 $14.57 $13.78 $14.66 $15.31 $14.35 $14.89 $15.35 $15.10
Funding to states from Fed sources (billions adjusted) $3.52 $3.38 $3.64 $3.49 $3.75 $4.13 $4.56 $4.61 $5.00
Average state per capita environmental spending (adjusted ) $53.26 $54.95 $51.45 $54.22 $56.09 $50.99 $52.19