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States

Overview
 

General State-wide Information

Delegation by Environmental Act
Spending
Enforcement
Data
 

ECOS Focus Areas

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Enforcement

States conducted about 90% of all enforcement actions taken by both the States and the EPA.

ECOS prepared a report to Congress that looks at the contribution of State enforcement and compliance activities for the federally and some non-federal delegated environmental programs.

ECOS released an update in Fall, 2005. See http://www.ecos.org/files/3895_file_ENF_Report_2006_Final_Doc.pdf

Trend Number of
States
Included
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Change from
1995 to 1999
Determining Compliance
Site/Facilities/Incidences 33 925,079 931,207 948,602 959,049 969,673 4.6%
Inspections 49 243,476 274,979 282,503 287,979 296,807 18%
Evaluations/Assessments 33 170,939 173,931 178,661 179,002 178,858 4.4%
Citizens Complaints 26 49,373 52,701 55,080 54,845 58,841 16.2%
Issuing Violations
Significant Violations 27 11,361 11,350 11,033 11,468 11,535 -.8%
Initial Enforcement Steps
Oral Warnings 31 3,694 3,741 3,772 3,953 4,073 9.3%
Warning Letters 36 12,232 17,175 11,520 12,057 12,886 5.1%
Notices of Violation 41 26,648 28,532 26,048 29,771 29,012 8.1%
Consent Agreements 27 3,227 3,302 3,284 4,185 5,011 55.3%

The full report: State Environmental Contributions to Enforcement and Compliance